HydroBead™ Vortex bead filters feature a vortex for heavy solids removal, a bio filter stage for metabolizing dissolved organics, and superior water polishing. The HydroBead™ Vortex bead filter's unique design and media backwashes with less water than other bead filters – without requiring an air blower.
For more in-depth information and photos of each filter click on the following links:
Less water required for backwashing than competing koi pond filters.
No air blower required for backwashing.
HydroFoam™ beads with 452.20 SSA per cubic foot.
Vortex centrifugal water motion technology
Hydro Jet™ high-flow lateral technology
Side mounted multi-port valve
Easy access top
Air relief valve
Screened bottom sludge drain valve (to prevent beads from expelling from the tank during winterization)
Forest green color for seamless blending into the landscape
True “outward-in” water vortex motion to spin water from the outside edge of the tank around an axis
True internal vortex water motion settles debris to the bottom of the tank BEFORE entering the bead pack
True vortex water motion keeps the beads in constant motion – creating a fluidized media pack
“Food-grade” Styrofoam HydroFoam™ beads with higher surface area than plastic or glass beads
HydroFoam™ beads – made from food-grade Styrofoam are extremely lightweight and buoyant
Solid HydroFoam™ beads completely backwash clean and free of debris
Vertical backwash lateral forces water down through the HydroFoam™ beads
Multiple sizes of HydroFoam™ beads trap debris down to 50 microns for superior water polishing
HydroFoam™ beads have multiple diameters of 1/16″, 1/12″, 1/8″, and 1/4″
Vortex chamber sediment flush drain
Less internal plumbing elbows allow for higher flow rates and less flow restriction
Backwashing HydroBead™ Vortex Koi Pond Filter
What Makes A HydroBead™ Vortex Koi Pond Filter Better
The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter’s inlet vortex lateral jet forces water to spin from the outside edges of the tank in a “true vortex”. Spinning water from the outside edges in a true vortex causes heavier solids to collect in the middle of the vortex where gravity causes the solids to settle downward to a collection area where they can be easily removed simply by opening the bottom drain valve. Koi pond filters that spin water outward from the center negate the vortex motion and force the debris upward into the bead pack instead of letting the vortex drop the debris to the bottom. The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter creates a “true vortex” to draw debris downward – and out of the bead pack. This reduces the burden on the bead pack – and makes the bead pack easier to clean and keep clean.
Inside the HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter, after the vortex stage has settled the heavier debris down and out of the bead pack, the lighter weight debris is forced upward into the bottom half of the HydroFoam™ bead pack for capture until the next backwash cycle. The advantage of the HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter is its exceptional solids capture and removal abilities, combined with its relatively high Specific Surface Area (SSA) for the nitrification cycle. Another big advantage of HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter is EASY TO CLEAN! This makes the hobby of koi keeping much more enjoyable, with less work involved in maintaining a healthy environment for koi.
How Does Our Koi Pond Filter Polish the Water
Water Polishing is the process of removing suspended solids from water. Suspended solids in a recirculation system are generally small, light weight particles. These particles tend to reduce the clarity of water and cause problems by consuming tremendous amounts of oxygen – oxygen that is also required by your beloved koi and other pond fish.
The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter removes suspended particles from water more efficiently than any other brand of koi pond filter by combining the power of a vortex with micro-straining with HydroFoam™ Styrofoam beads. Physical straining in the vortex and the HydroFoam™ bead pack is the most dominant mechanism for removing larger particles (>50 microns). Finer particles (50 microns and 48% of particles in the 5-10 micron range per pass!* The more passes, the more solids captured. This is why it is recommended to pass 100% of your pond water through your bio filter at least once per 4 hours – preferably once per hour.
*IMPORTANT! In order for the HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter to perform FINE micron straining, it MUST be fully colonized with nitrifying bacteria such as HydroClear™ Nitrification Cycle. Depending on the water temperature, this can take up to 4-6 weeks at temperatures above 60-65° F.
Why the HydroBead™ Vortex Koi Pond Pond Filter Has High Surface Area Bio Reaction
Bio filtration depends on the establishment of a colony of bacteria such as HydroClear™ Nitrification Cycle on the surface of each HydroFoam™ bead. The colony, when mature, will convert dissolved toxic nitrogenous and ammonia waste into harmless compounds.* The area for colonization provided by the HydroFoam™ beads is commonly referred to as SSA – short for Specific Surface Area. When the bacteria are given the proper environment, they grow in a thin bio film layer on the surface of each bead.
Each cubic foot of HydroFoam™ beads contains approximately 884,000 beads ranging from 1/16″ to 1/8″ in diameter which translates into 452.20 square feet of SSA per cubic foot of HydroFoam™ beads.
What Types of Bacteria Grow Inside A Biological Koi Pond Filter
The two specific types of nitrifying bacteria are: Nitrosomonas – which is responsible for the break down of ammonia, and Nitrobacter – which is responsible for the breakdown of nitrite into relatively harmless nitrate. These two strains of bacteria are key ingredients in HydroClear™ Nitrification Cycle . As ammonia rich water passes through the beads with a fully mature colony of nitrifying bacteria, the Nitrosomonas consume the available ammonia. They convert ammonia into toxic nitrite. Then, the Nitrobacter bacteria consume the available nitrite and convert it into relatively harmless nitrate. Nitrate is then released as nitrogen through waterfalls or fountains, and is consumed by aquatic plants, and flushed out with partial water changes.
The Purpose Of The Vortex Inside A HydroBead™ Vortex Koi Pond Filter
A vortex inside your koi pond filter means that you’ll have cleaner, healthier water than all the other brands of filters that don’t have a vortex. Why? Because a vortex “spins” water, and spinning water causes particulate matter to settle in the center of the vortex. If the spinning water vortex is above a settling area, the spinning water vortex will cause particulate matter to settle down into the bottom of the settling area. If the settling area has a drain at the bottom, then the sediment can be easily flushed out. That is the key to the HydroBead Vortex™ filter’s design! Water enters the filter parallel to the radius of the tank. This uses the pump’s force to cause water to “spin” into a vortex inside the tank. A settling area is below the spinning water vortex, and a drain is located at the bottom of the settling area.
Other brands of koi pond filters spin water from the “middle-outward” through inlet laterals in the center of the tank. This method goes against the natural properties of a true vortex. In the “middle-outward” filters – water spinning inside the tank tries to send particulate matter to the center of the tank – but the bead filter’s design with water entering the tank from the center in an “outward” motion works against it. Thus sending all waterborne particulate matter into the bead pack instead of settling it to the bottom of the tank – thus placing a higher burden on the bead pack – and then requiring higher volumes of water to backwash.
Why THe HydroBead™ Vortex Koi Filter Is Superior to Competing Koi Pond Filters
No other brand of bead, bubble bead filter, plastic pellet bead filter, plastic straw, or pressurized koi pond filter can compare to HydroBead™ Vortex . When looking at any brand of koi pond filter, ask yourself: “Where does the soil, sediment, and fish waste go? …….And how do I clean it?”. Only the HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond bead filter can answer those questions.
Most koi pond filter bead filters have their roots in swimming pool sand filters – meaning they are “down-flow” designs. Others have an “up-flow” designed, but the water enters the middle of the tank where the vortex should be. The result is “non-vortex” water motion, and no particulate settlement. This forces the beads to trap ALL the debris which requires more frequent backwashing.
Other koi pond filter brands of bead filters have “wings” attached to the center inlet pipe that forces water to turn around the center inlet pipe which causes the water to be constantly pushed outward and away from the center. This also results in a “non-vortex” and doesn’t settle any debris from the water before it enters the beads. Again, relying on the beads to trap ALL the debris, requiring more frequent backwashing, and much more water used during backwashes.
The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter uses less water per backwash, and backwashes more thoroughly in less time than other brands of koi pond filter bead filters. HydroBead Vortex™ koi pond filter bead filters save you time, save you money, and conserve water.
The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter sends water into the heavy duty fiberglass tank via a unique inlet lateral jet on the side of the tank – not in the middle. This method forces the water to spin in an unobstructed vortex inside the tank. Like shown in the photos of the bucket vortex test, the spinning water causes heavier material in the water column to settle to the bottom of the tank for simple removal via the drain valve at the bottom of the tank.
Just open the bottom drain valve and it’s gone in seconds! No need for unnecessary backwashes. This keeps the beads more free of organics, which keeps the biofilm performing its primary job more efficiently – processing ammonia. The HydroBead Vortex™ koi pond filter is designed to keep the beads cleaner, and thus the biofilm can be more efficient. More efficient biofilm results in more fish waste and ammonia removed from the pond. More fish waste and ammonia removed from the pond results in happier HEALTHIER koi.
The sludge drain at the bottom of the tank is screened to prevent beads from exiting the tank during normal operation and winterization.
After the vortex section inside the tank, the water moves upward through super light weight HydroFoam™ “food-grade” Styrofoam floating beads. As the water spins inside the HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter, not only is heavier debris forced down to the bottom of the tank, the spinning water also keeps the lower half of the HydroFoam™ floating bead pack in a “fluidized” state. This keeps the HydroFoam™ beads from “clumping” or clogging, and traps smaller debris from the water for super clean and “polished” water. The super lightweight HydroFoam™ Styrofoam beads have extremely high Specific Surface Area (SSA) in relation to solid plastic beads and are easily cleaned because of their light weight nature with simple backflushing.
HydroFoam™ beads are so light weight, that they quickly and efficiently backwash without the need for blowers or two-speed pumps. Unlike the hollow plastic “macaroni noodle” type filter media that clog with detritus and sediment inside each media piece – very much like lava rock nuggets do – HydroFoam™ beads are solid Styrofoam. This means that HydroFoam™ beads never have anaerobic areas like the centers of the “macaroni noodle” type filter media.
HydroFoam™ Bead Bio Media Inside The HydroBead™ Vortex Koi Pond Filter
HydroFoam™ beads – unlike the heavier plastic beads found in other brands of koi pond filter bead filters – agitate much more easily during backwashing. Multi speed pumps and/or backwash air blowers are not required. Also, unlike the hollow “macaroni noodle” type media in other brands of koi pond filter bead filters – HydroFoam™ beads are solid, and thus don’t get internally clogged with debris. Hollow media, while having higher SSA ratings than solid beads, clog with detritus and debris over time which lowers the available surface area – thus becoming less efficient with age.
Hollow beads don’t backflush as completely as solid beads because backwash water is forced “around” the media, not “through” each individual hollow piece. So over the life of the pond, hollow beads become less efficient as a result of clogging and not being completely rinsed during backflushing. The space inside hollow media becomes anaerobic over time. HydroFoam™ bead’s surface area remains constant and aerobic – they do not lose efficiency over time as they rinse completely during backwashing.
Spinning water vortex technology from a unique lateral jet design, together with super lightweight HydroFoam™ floating Styrofoam beads achieve optimal filter bed fluidization and solids capture. Each HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter features a durable fiberglass tank construction in a forest green color for seamless blending into the landscape. HydroBead Vortex™ koi pond filters are available in several sizes capable of filtering applications up to 40,000 gallons and able to support over 3,500 grams of total fish weight. The HydroBead Vortex™ koi pond is designed to effectively filter out solid wastes that are commonly associated with water gardens, koi ponds, and hybrid ponds.
The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter is specifically designed for Koi ponds, but can also be used on virtually all pond styles. They can be used as added filtration on existing ponds.
Russell Watergardens & Koi uses a HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter on all the koi retailing inside the store. If a HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter can handle “over-stocked” koi retailing tanks – then they sure can handle your pond!
HydroFoam™ super lightweight beads range ins size from 1/16″, 1/8″, and 1/4″ in diameter, but have 50% more Surface Area than smooth hard plastic or glass beads. Each HydroFoam™ beads has an average Specific Surface Area of .0736 square inches.
HydroFoam™ beads have 452.20 square feet of Specific Surface Area per cubic foot.
At an average 1/8″ in diameter, there are 512 beads per cubic inch. (8x8x8 = 512). There are 1,728 cubic inches per cubic foot. (12x12x12=1,728). 512 beads x 1,728 = 884,736 HydroFoam™ beads per square foot. Each bead has .0736 square inches of Specific Surface Area. 884,736 x .0736 SSA per bead = 65,116.57 square inches of Specific Surface Area (SSA) Divide 65,116.57 square inches by 144 to convert to square feet of Specific Surface Area. (144 square inches per square foot) (65,116.57 / 144 = 452.20) Thus, HydroFoam™ beads have 452.20 square feet of Specific Surface Area per cubic foot.
HydroFoam™ beads provide relatively high Specific Surface Area (SSA 452.20) for bacterial colonization while promoting optimal solid waste capture and removal.
The HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter is easy to install, and EASY TO CLEAN!
Each HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter features an easily removable top lid for lateral inspection and servicing. The lid is clear on models HBV-18, HBV-21, HBV-28, and HBV-36.
The 18″, 21″, 28″, and 36″ HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter also features an air relief valves at the top of the filter to remove air pockets from above the outlet lateral.
Due to the super light-weight design of the HydroFoam™ bead media – pressure gauges are not required on the HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter – as the media does not develop significant back pressure.
Backflushing a HydroBead™ Vortex koi pond filter couldn’t be easier! Simply turn off the pump, move the handle to backflush, open the bottom drain valve, and open the air relief valve to let air into the tank. Wait a minute or two for some of the water to exit the tank. Close the air relief valve and re-start the pump! With an air gap inside the filter – you will be able to hear the beads agitating and rinsing inside the filter. It will sound like “bacon frying”.
When the water exiting the tank runs clear in the site glass, turn off the pump, close the bottom drain valve, turn the multiport handle to “Rinse” and re-start the pump. When the water runs clear in the site glass, the filter is clean! Shut the pump off, turn the multiport valve handle to “Filter” and re-start you pump. That’s it! It just takes a few minutes.