Koi Pond Calculations

Electrical Power Costs

Monthly Operation Costs of Pumps and Other Electrical Devices

Water Volume

How Much Water in the Pond, Plumbing, Filtration System, Waterfalls, and Streams

Liner Size

What Size Liner Do I Need?

Waterfall Flow Rate

What Size Pump Do I Need?

How to Choose the Correct Pipe Size

How does pipe size affect pump efficiency?

How Many Fish Can I Have In My Pond?

Is it based on water volume or my filtration system?

Koi and Pond Fish Weight

Weight by length

Biofilter Specific Surface Area (SSA)

What is it and why is it so important in pond keeping?